Re-visiting the readings of the present perfect and the role of the present tense

Fyrirlestur: Dr. Teresa M. Xiqués, Tecnocampus University Centre (UPF)
Stofa 007 í Veröld - húsi Vigdísar. 

Um fyrirlesturinn á ensku: 
 
This talk builds on previous work and aims to examine the properties of the Present Perfect (henceforth PrP) across different languages. In particular, I present a comparative study of Catalan, Spanish, English and Gĩkũyũ, a Bantu language that has ‘graded tenses’. The main question explored is how we can account in a uniform way for the cross-linguistic pattern found in Catalan, standard peninsular Spanish and English. I examine one of the most striking differences between the uses of the PrP in Catalan/Spanish and English, namely, a hodiernal reading of the PrP present in Catalan and Spanish but not in English which has been traditionally defined as a reading that places events on the same day of the utterance time (e.g., Avui hem anat al mercat a les deu vs. *Today he have gone to the market at ten). I claim that the main property of the PrP in Catalan/Spanish is not that is has an extra reading that English does not possess, but rather that hodiernal is a subtype of the existential PrP that allows, in addition, for a temporal modification of the event. In this talk, I will specifically look into (i) the competence between tenses, (ii) the role of temporal modification, and (iii) the nature of the present tense to derive the hodiernal interpretation. 
 
Teresa M Xiqués defended the PhD in Cognitive Science and Linguistics in 2015 and has recent professional experience teaching Spanish as a foreign language and teaching English for specific purposes. She is currently working on projects that stem from the general line of research she has been pursuing for the last five years, and is also interested in second language acquisition and teaching grammar through a competency-based approach and task-based methodology. 
Dagsetning: 
mán, 10/16/2017 - 16:00
Þú ert að nota: brimir.rhi.hi.is