Professor of Second Language Acquisition at the University of Iceland and the Chair of the Vigdís Finnbogadóttir Institute of Foreign Languages
Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir is Professor of Second Language Studies at the University of Iceland. She is the Director of the Vigdís Finnbogadóttir Institute of Foreign Languages and the Dean of the Faculty of Languages and Cultures.
Birna holds a Ph.D. degree in Linguistics from the University of Texas at Austin (1990), MA degree from the University of Reading (1977) and BA degree from the University of Iceland (1976).
Birna’s research interests include Multilingualism, Computer Assisted Language Learning, and Language Contact. Birna is project director of Icelandic Online. Birna‘s current research, funded by the Icelandic Research Centre and NordPlus, examines the role of local languages in relation to Danish and English in Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
1990 Ph.D., Linguistics. University of Texas at Austin, USA.
1977 MA., University of Reading, UK.
1976 BA., University of Iceland.
2018- Director. Vigdís Finnbogadóttir Institute for Foreign Languages. University of Iceland.
2017- Associate-Dean. Faculty of Languages and Cultures, School of Humanities, University of Iceland.
2008- Professor of Second Language Studies. Faculty of Languages and Cultures, School of Humanities, University of Iceland.
2003-2008 Associate-Professor. Faculty of Language, Literature and Linguistics, School of Humanities, University of Iceland.
2002 Assistant-Professor. Faculty of Language, Literature and Linguistics, School of Humanities, University of Iceland.
2000- Project Director. Icelandic Online.
1988-2000 Associate-Professor. Director, TESL. Notre Dame College, Manchester, NH
1996-1998 Adjunct-Professor, Department of English, University of New Hampshire.
2018-pres. Language Contact in the West-Nordic Region. Collaboration: Auður Hauksdóttir. Funded by NordPlus.
2014-2016 Icelandic Online for Mobile Devices. Collaboration: Úlfar Bragason & Halldóra Þorláksdóttir. Funded by the University of Iceland, NordPlus and others.
2012- 2015 Icelandic Language and Culture Training in Virtual Reykjavík. Collaboration: Hannes Högni Vilhjálmsson & Branislav Bedi. Funded by the Icelandic Research Centre.
2012-pres. Heritage Language, Linguistic Change and Cultural Identity. Collaboration: Höskuldur Þráinsson, Úlfar Bragason & others. Funded by the Icelandic Research Centre.
2009-pres. English as a Lingua Franca in Icelandic in a Changing Linguistic Environment. Collaboration: Hafdís Ingvarsdóttir. Funded by the Icelandic Research Centre.
2001-pres. Developing English literacy skills in EMI. Collaboration: Patricia Prinz, Anna Jeeves, Guðmundur Edgarsson, Ásrún Jóhannsdóttir, Jóna Guðrún Guðmundsdóttir, Súsanna B. Vilhjálmsdóttir. Funded by the University of Iceland Research Fund, University of Iceland Instructional Development Fund and others.
2000-pres. Icelandic Online www.icelandiconline.com. LMOOCS and language learning. Collaboration: Kolbrún Friðriksdóttir & others. Funded by the University of Iceland, NordPlus, The Icelandic Research Centre, and Lingua II.
2018 NORPLUS. Vestnordisk sprogbarometer. 92.000€
2014-2016 NORDPLUS. Icelandic Online for Mobile Devices. 75.000€
2012- 2015 RANNÍS (Icelandic Research Centre Fund). Co-applicant. Three Year Project Grant. Icelandic Language and Culture Training in Virtual Reykjavík. 21.000.000IKr.
2012-2015 RANNÍS (Icelandic Research Centre Fund). Co-applicant. Three Year Project Grant. Heritage Language, Linguistic Change and Cultural Identity. 20.000.000 IKr.
2009-2011 RANNÍS ( Icelandic Research Centre Fund). Three Year Project Grant. English as a Lingua Franca in Icelandic in a Changing Linguistic Environment. 21.000.000IKr.
2009 NORDPLUS. Icelandic Online for Immigrants. 45.000 €
2009 NORDPLUS. Icelandic Online 3-4. 18.000 €
2009 University of Iceland Research Fund. English in Academia. 400.000IKr.
2008 NordForsk. Seminar on Complexity in Second Language Acquisition. 96.000NKr.
2020 The Art and Architecture of Academic Writing: A Gateway to Genres. Patricia Prinz & Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
2018 Sigurtunga í sögu og brag: Um vesturíslenskt mál og menningu. [Sigurtunga í sögu og brag: On North American Icelandic Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir, Höskuldur Þráinnson og Úlfar Bragason (Eds). Reykjavík: Háskólaútgáfan.
2018 Language Development across the Life Span: English in Iceland. Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir & Hafdís Ingvarsdóttir(Eds). Educational Linguistics Series, Berlin: Springer.
2008 Open Source and Language Teaching. Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir og Matthew Whelpton. (Eds.). Reykjavík: Stofnun Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur/ Háskólaútgáfan.
2007 Mál málanna: Um nám og kennslu annars og erlendra mála. [On the Teaching and Learning of Second and Foreign Languages]Auður Hauksdóttir og Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir (Eds.). Reykjavík: Stofnun Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur/Háskólaútgáfan.
2007 Teaching and Learning English in Iceland. Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir & Hafdís Ingvarsdóttur (ritstj.). Reykjavík. Stofnun Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur/ Háskólaútgáfan.
2006 North American Icelandic: The Life of a Language. University of Manitoba Press.
Relevant Peer Reviewed Publications
2020 Prinz, P. & Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. Developing writer autonomy in an intensive EMI program: Learners’ perceptions. In Muresan & Orna-Montesino (eds.). Academic literacy development: Perspectives on multilingual scholars’ approaches to writing. Palgrave.
2020 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. Transitioning EAL Students from EFL Classes to EMI Programs at the University of Iceland. In Dimova & Kling (eds.). Intergrating content and language in multilingual universities. Springer.
2020 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. English at the University of Iceland: Students’ perceptions and practices. In Kuteeva, Kaufhold & Hynninen (eds.). Language perceptions and practices in multilingual universities. Palgrave.
2019 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B., Ólafsson, J., & Sverrisdóttir, O. Viðhorf háskólastúdenta til
tungumálakunnáttu. Milli mála. Stofnun Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur.
2019 Editorial – Publishing Research Internationally: Multilingual Perspectives from Research and Practice by Margaret Cargill,Sally Burgess 2, and Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir. Publications 2019, 7, 47. https://www.mdpi.com/2304-6775/7/3/47
2019 Editor. Special Issue of Publications Co-editors, M. Cargill og S. Burgess. https://www.mdpi.com/journal/publications/special_issues/PRISEAL Cargill, M.; Burgess, S.; Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. Publications 2019, 7, 47.
2019 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. Supporting Nordic Scholars Who Write in English for Research Publication Purposes. In Corcoran, Englander & Muresan (eds.). Pedagogies and policies on publishing research in English: local initiatives supporting international scholars. Routledge
2018 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. Supporting Nordic Scholars Who Write in English for Research Publication Purposes. In Corcoran, Englander and Muresan (Eds.) Pedagogies and Policies on Publishing Research in English: Local Initiatives Supporting International Scholars. London: Routledge
2018 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B., Þráinsson H., and Nowenstein, Í.E. V2 and V3 Orders in North-American Icelandic.
Journal of Language Contact 11 (2018) 379-412.
2017 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. Preparing EFL students for university EMI Programs: The hidden challenge. In Fjeld, Hagen, Henriksen, Johannsen, Olsen & Prentice (eds.). Academic language in a Nordic setting – linguistic and educational perspectives. Oslo Studies in Language 9 (1
2017 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. & Prinz, P. From EFL to EMI: Developing writing skills for the Humanities. ESP Today. 5(2), 5-23.
2017 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. & Ingvarsdóttir, H. The issues of identity and voice: Writing English for Research Purposes in the semi periphery. In Global Academic Publishing: Policies, Practices, and Pedagogies. Mary Jane Curry & Theresa Lillis (Eds). Part of the series Studies in Knowledge Production and Participation, Multilingual Matters, Clevedon, UK.
2015 Ingvarsdóttir, H., & Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. English in a new linguistic context: Implications for higher education. In S. Dimova, A. Hultgren and Ch. Jensen (Eds.), The English Language in Teaching in European Higher Education, 2014. Berlin: Mouton Gruyter.
2015 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B., & H. Ingvarsdóttir. Simultaneous Parallel Code Use: Using English in University Studies in Iceland; In Anne H. Fabricius & Bent Preisler (Eds)., Transcultural Interaction and Linguistic Diversity in Higher Education: The Student Experience. London: Palgrave.
2014 Guðmundsdóttir, G. & Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. Undirbúningur framhaldsskólanemenda fyrir notkun ensku í háskólanámi: Námskrár og nýtt íslenskt málumhverfi. I Netlu- Vefriti um Uppeldi og menntun. Co-author: Gerður Gunnarsdóttir.
2014 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B., & H. Ingvarsdóttir. English at the University of Iceland: Ideology and reality (Ch.9) In: Hultgren, Anna Kristina ; Gregersen, Frans and Thøgersen, Jacob eds. English in Nordic Universities: Ideologies and Practices. Studies in World Language Problems (5), p. 179-192. John Benjamins.
2014 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B., & Prinz, P. An English Academic Writing Course for Secondary Schools: A Pilot Study. Netlu- Vefriti um Uppeldi og menntun, Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands. Ásamt Patriciu Prinz.
2013 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B., & Ingvarsdóttir, H. Það er gífurleg áskorun að þurfa að vera jafnvígur á að skrifa fræðigreinar á tveimur tungumálum. Ritið 3/2013, 69-86.
2013 Ingvarsdóttir, H., & Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. ELF and Academic Writing: A Perspective from the Expanding Circle. Journal of English as a Lingua Franca 1 (2).
2012 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B., & Ingvarsdóttir, H. Nýtt málumhverfi, ný námskrá, nýjar áherslur í tungumálakennslu. Í Milli mála: Ársrit Stofnunar Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur í erlendu tungumálum. Reykjavík: Háskólaútgáfan.
2012 Learning Four Languages in a Changing Nordic Linguistic Environment. In Hjalmar P. Pedersen og Kári í Rógvi (Eds.), Mindst 4 sprog til alle. Bergen:Novus.
2011 Exposure to English in Iceland: A Quantitative and Qualitative Study. In Netla – Menntakviku 2011. Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands. Sótt af http://netla.hi.is/menntakvika201.pdf.
2010 Arnbjörnsdóttir, B., & Ingvarsdóttir, H. Coping with English at University: Students’ Beliefs. In Netla-Menntakvika 2010. Menntavísindasviðs Háskóla Íslands. http://netla.khi.is/menntakvika2010/008.pdf
2010 Ingvarsdóttir, H., & Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. Coping with English at Tertiary Level: Instructors’ Views. In Netla – Menntakvika 2010. Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands. http://netla.khi.is/menntakvika2010/010.pdf .
2009 Enska í háskólanámi [The Role of English is University Studies in Iceland]. In Rebekka Þráinsdóttir and Magnús Sigurðsson (Eds.). Milli mála: Ársrit Stofnunar Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur. Reykjavík: Háskólaútgáfan.
2007 English in Iceland: Second Language, Foreign Language, or Neither? In Teaching and Learning English in Iceland. Arnbjörnsdóttir, B. & Ingvarsdóttur H. (eds.). Reykjavík. Stofnun Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur/ Háskólaútgáfan.
2016 www.faroeseonline.fo Faroese Online for Mobile Devices
2016 www.icelandiconline.com IOL Survival for Mobile Devices
2010 www.icelandiconline.is IOL III. and IV. Levels
2010 www.icelandiconline.is IOL Survival
2005 www.icelandic.hi.is II. Level.
2004 www.icelandic.hi.is I. Level.
2020 Icelandic Online: Lessons learned from 20 years of development, evaluation and expansion of an LMOOC. EUROCALL2020. August 19-21. Online Event.
2020 Multilingualism as language preservation: The changing linguistic repertoires of Icelanders. Multilingualism : Hierarchies, Inequalities, Marginalization Structures, Issues, Policies. INALCO, Paris, January 24-25, 2020.
2019 Innovative CALL solutions and the sustainability of nano languages in the North West Arctic Region. Language Technology for all, UNESCO, París. Desember 2019.
2019 Íslenska sem erfðarmál. Hugvísindaþing, March 2019. http://hugvisindathing.hi.is/malstofur/sigurtunga-vesturislenskt-mal-og-menning/
2019 A genre based curriculum for university EMI programs: A gateway to writing in the disciplines. EMI Practices in Europe. Copenhagen University, April 4-5,
2019 Building bridges… Icelandic Language and Culture, Waseda University, Tokyo, October 25.
2019 Omstrukturering av sprogundervisning ved Islands Universitet og nordisk sprogfællesskab. Hva med språkfellesskapet? Er nordisk språkfellesskap på vei ut? Háskóla Íslands. March 28.
2019 Icelandic as a Heritage Language in North America. Migration: The 9th Partnership Conference between the University of Iceland and the University of Manitoba. University of Iceland, August 29-30 ágúst.
2019 The effect of genre-based instruction on writer efficacy and autonomy. Ethnographies of academic writing: Research and pedagogy, May 16-17. University of Zaragoza. With Patricia Prinz. https://genresandlanguages.org/en/conference
2018 The hidden challenges of fluent English users: Icelandic scholars writing in ERPP. PRISEAL 4 í Reykjavík September 14-16.
2018 Teaching and Learning Icelandic Online. Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, Japan. November 26.
2018 Theoretical and Pedagogical Foundations of Icelandic Online Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, November 24.
2018 AWARE – A Cognitive Framework for Teaching Genre-Based L2 Writing for EMI Learners. American Association of Applied Linguistics Conference, Chicago, March, 24-27.
2018 English in the lives of Icelandic children. In the colloquium: Digital language contact in ELL. Early Language Learning Conference in Reykjavík, June 13-15.
2017 Iceland: A microcosm of communities affected by the spread of English. A Beck Lecture. University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, November 19.
2017 Teaching Icelandic Online: Free and open language courses. A Beck Lecture. University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, October 22.
2017 North American Icelandic: The only variety of Icelandic spoken outside Iceland? The Beck Lecture Series. University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, September 24.
2017 Transitioning EAL Students from EFL Classes to EMI Programs at The University of Iceland. Invited speaker. ICLHE, University of Copenhagen, October 4-7.
2017 From EFL to EMI in a Semester: Transitioning Nordic Students to Academic English. Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir & Patricia Prinz. EATAW European Association for Teaching Academic Writing, Royal Holloway University, UK, June 19-20
e: An Under Researched Phenomenon in EAP. Faces of English. Hong Kong, 1-3 June.
2016 Language Online: Et multiplatform for sprogindlæring uafhængig af sprog. Nordiska språkmötet Universitet i Vasa, Finland, 2 September, 2016.
2016 EMI at the University of Iceland: Identifying the Needs of Students in a New Linguistic Context. In the seminar: EMI in Nordic Higher Education: The Bigger Picture. AAAL 2016. April 10, 2016.
2016 The Authoritative Stance” in Writing English for Research Publishing Purposes. In the seminar : The Changing Landscape of Global Academic Publishing: Policies, Practices, and Pedagogies. AAAL2016. April 10, 2016.
2016 Coping with English Literacy in Higher Education in Iceland. Conference on Academic Language Use and Academic Literacies from a Multilingual Perspective in Nordic Educational Contexts. University of Copenhagen May 9, 2016.
2015 The English Divide: Disparity and Exclusion in Academia. Symposium on Language and Exclusion. United Nations. New York, May 7, 2014
2015 Teacher development and students’ needs in a changing linguistic context in Iceland. 9th International Conference on Teacher Development. University of Minnesota, May 14-16.
2014 Superdiversity and adult education programs for new speakers of Nordic languages. 2nd International Symposium on New Speakers in a Multilingual Europe: Opportunities and Challenges. Barcelona 22. November 2014
2014 Scientists on the periphery: Access and identity in academic publishing. Current research on global scholarly publishing: Policies, practices, pedagogies (Invited ReN). AILA (International Association of Applied Linguistics) World Congress, Brisbane, Australia, 11.August, 2014
2014 English in Nordic Higher Education: Iceland as a Microcosm. AILA (International Ass. of Applied Linguistics) World Congress. Brisbane, Australian 11 August, 2014.
2013 The gap between ideology and reality in Nordic Higher Education: Iceland as a microcosm. English Language in Teaching in European Higher Education. Copenhagen, April 19-21, 2013
2012 Parallel Language use vs. Simultaneous Parallel Code Use. CALPIU ’12. Roskilde Universitets Center. 4. Apríl.
2011 Four Languages: Implications for Proficiency? Minst fýra mál til øll. Conference on Mulitlingualism in the Nordic Countries. 22. – 24. August 2011.
2010 Parallel Language Use or Simultanenous Parallel Code Use? Center for Internationalisering og parallel language use. University of Copenhagen. Invited Speaker. 12. November 2010.
2010 Using English as a Lingua Franca in Academia: Students’ Experiences. English as a Lingua Franca III. University of Vienna. May 22-25.
2010 Coping with English as a Lingua Franca at University: Students’ and Teachers’ Views. Preserving the Future: Sustainability of Language, Culture and Nature: Conference in Honour of Vigdís Finnbogadóttir. April 16.